- What types of plagiarism are there?
- How do universities deal with plagiarism?
- Where is the border between inspiration and plagiarism?
- What consequences do plagiarism have?
- Why are so many politicians caught?
Since the Guttenberg affair has been widely spoken in public about plagiarism. The plagiarism affairs, however, not only affect prominent personalities from the world of politics, but unfortunately belong to university life. Some students take the path of least resistance and write off sections of foreign work. Most frequently, they find the scientific work on the Internet and insert parts into their bachelor thesis or master thesis without references.
What is plagiarism?
Many people ask themselves, what is plagiarism? Plagiarism is usually defined as spiritual theft. It is not just a matter of taking over entire excerpts without references, but much more. As a plagiarism, for example, a “stolen” structuring of the work or translation of a text can be classified without citation.
What types of plagiarism are there?
In a complete plagiarism, whole text passages and sections were taken from one source and inserted into the own work without marking a quotation. Synonyms for the term Complete Plagiarism are also text or full plagiarism. When a complete scientific accomplishment is taken literally, for example, a whole housework, and is shown as a separate performance, one speaks of a complete plagiarism.
Four forms of complete plagiarism
A complete plagiarism distinguishes between four different cases:
1) The completely copied text passage is not indicated as a quotation. There is also no footnote to the source or mention of the source in the bibliography again. In this case, one starts from a deliberate deception.
2) The source of the quote is given in a footnote, but it is not referred to behind the quote. In addition, the quote is not marked by quotation marks.
3) The source is given in the bibliography, but there is no footnote or reference directly after the citation.
4) A passage without identification of the original source has been inserted into a scientific paper and it has been expressly stated that it is a work of its own and all citations have been quoted.
In the first and last case one speaks of a deliberate deception.
What happens when a complete plagiarism is detected?
When creating a scientific paper, there should be no form of complete plagiarism, so that the paper can be considered as independently produced work. When Forms 2 and 3 accumulate in scientific achievement, deliberate deception is also assumed in these cases. In the student context, the preparation of a plagiarism can lead to the grade being lowered, failing the exam, or even being deregistered. Subsequently, the academic degree can be withdrawn if it is discovered that a thesis (eg master’s or bachelor’s thesis) is a complete plagiarism.
Complete plagiarisms are easily detected by plagiarism detection software. Therefore, you should after the creation of the scientific work again check for possible plagiarism in order to avoid plagiarism.
Where is the border between inspiration and plagiarism?
Unfortunately, the line between inspiration and plagiarism runs smoothly. Certainly it is permissible to probe many sources in a scientific work to be inspired. However, if students write down their supposed ideas following this research, it is important to keep in mind whether this is really a new idea from the student’s own pen. After all, a lot has already been written on most topics, so there may well be inadvertent plagiarism that haunts students’ minds.
Borderline between inspiration and plagiarism – that’s the way students work best
In order not to cross the line between inspiration and plagiarism, and not being guilty of plagiarism, all students should be extremely cautious and label quotes too often rather than often enough. Even if your own statement was inspired by a statement by another author. Otherwise, the border between inspiration and plagiarism is unfortunately exceeded faster than most students would probably like. Only then can the responsible examiner clearly decide what proportion of the student had a statement and how much he relied on the mental content of another author.
Border between inspiration and plagiarism – this is how students can check their own work
The question of a possible border crossing actually only arises when it comes to content or structures. Because as soon as literally written off with another author, it should be clear that these passages are necessarily to mark as a quote. If, on the other hand, the student raises a notion of which he is not quite sure to what degree this originated from his pen, he should ask himself the following question: Is there an author or a source that can be assigned to this statement? If this question is answered in the affirmative, it is already a plagiarism if the student does not refer to this source. Incidentally, that does not mean that any plagiarism will notice as soon as the line between plagiarism and pure inspiration has been crossed. However, those who have a high demand on their own work and mental performance will identify all sources correctly even if they have been used as inspiration only. To be on the safe side, you can always subject your work to plagiarism control.
Many plagiarisms in the political scene
Many politicians with academic titles keep coming up with new plagiarism scandals. Gerd Müller, Margarita Mathiopoulos, Andreas Scheuer – these are just a few people on the political scene who had to deal with plagiarism allegations. People who are in the limelight are controlled more often than normal consumers. Although every scientific paper at the university is checked for plagiarism, very few are caught.
Plagiarism is illegal and has serious consequences
Plagiarized scientific work can lead to serious consequences that can be detrimental to your educational career. They are i. d. R .: Call damage, admonition, repetition of the writing process, compulsory ex-matriculation, so that you are not allowed to study at any other university in Europe. Do not forget that even after Master’s or PhD defense, you may be deprived of the title.
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